Leo J. Meyer

BRANCH OF SERVICE
U.S. Army

RANK
Colonel

HOMETOWN
Forest Hills, NY

HONORED BY
The Nation



From 1935 to 1937 Leo J. Meyer (1917 - 2006) participated in the New York National Guard Cadet Corps, drilling as a mounted trooper with the 101st Cavalry and as a drummer in the 102nd Engineer Regimental Field Music (band). In 1937, he enlisted into the 102nd Engineer Regiment, 27th Infantry Division, New York National Guard and served with the 102nd Engineers until November 1942 (PVT thru CPL NYNG / CPL thru MSG Army of the United States [AUS]). In October 1940 the 27th Division had been called to active federal service under authority of (POTUS) Executive Order 8551 and sent to Fort McClellan, Alabama for train-up in anticipation of the United States entrance into the war in Europe. The 27th ID was the first U.S. divisional unit to initiate deployment in World War Two from the Zone of Interior (continental U.S.), deploying from Fort McClellan, Alabama on 14 December 1941. The division arrived in the Territory of Hawaii in February - March 1942. ~ Air Corps Officer, U.S. Army Air Forces 1943 - 1944 (2&1LT AUS). ~ Infantry Officer 1944 - 1961 (1 LT thru MAJ AUS & United States Army Reserve [USAR] active duty list [ADL]). ~ Counter Intelligence Corps/Intelligence Technician 1961 - 1971 (CWO4 Regular Army [RA]). *~~* WWII tours ~~ 1940 - 1943: served in positions of Company Clerk (CPL), Company Supply Sergeant (SGT), Battalion Message Center NCO (S/SGT) Regimental Message Center NCO (S/SGT); ultimately Regimental & (redesignated) Battalion Sergeant Major (M/SGT) 102nd Engineers, 27th Infantry Division, at Fort McClellan, Alabama & the Territory Of Hawaii, Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO)(the regiment was divided into separate battalions shortly after initiation of deployment to the PTO resulting in the redesignation of the regiment to battalion); ~~ 1943 - 1944: U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) Officer Candidate, class 43-b, Officer Candidate School, Miami Beach, Florida. 2nd/1st LT AUS AAC, USAAF Training Officer Mount Union College, Alliance, Ohio and Adjutant, Childress Army Air Field, Texas; ~~ 1944 - 1946: Infantry Officer, Cadre Officer, 60th Infantry Replacement Training Center (IRTC), Army Ground Forces (forerunner to Continental Army Command and Army Forces Command), Camp Blanding, Florida; Platoon Leader, Company 'A', 34th Infantry, 24th Infantry Division - Philippine Islands and Occupation of Japan, Kyushu, Sothern Japan. He was awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge for action during Operation Victor V in the South Philippines Campaign on Mindanao. 'Gangplank Captain', AUS, Apr 1946 (unofficial term used to indicate promotion just prior to mustering out of active service). *~~* non-combat tour ~~ 1946 - 1947 re-enlisted as master sergeant Headquarters New York District, Organized Reserve Corps (ORC) 1947 - 1948: Reentered active duty as a Regular Army M/SGT, INF, Instructor with 1242nd ASU to the ORC at Headquarters, New York Military District (past test for regular army warrant officer while applying for reinstatement of reserve commission) - approved for both.~~ 1948 - 1950: 1st LT INF, AUS, (ADL), Battalion Staff Officer and Platoon Leader 1st Battalion, 7th Infantry, (Damn Fine Soldier… a Cottonbaler… by God!) 3d Infantry Division, Fort Devens, Massachusetts. *~~* Korean War ~~ 1950 - 1952: 1st LT / CPT INF AUS (ADL), Staff Officer and Commander, Company 'I', 3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry, 3rd Infantry Division. He was awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge 2nd award for action with "Task Force Dog" covering X (tenth) Corps’ 7th Infantry Division Regimental Combat Team 31 and the 1st Marine Division withdrawal from the Chosin Reservoir to the port of Hungnam during the Chinese Communist Forces (CCF) intervention November 1950 - January 1951; 1st UN Counteroffensive January - April 1951; CCF Spring Offensive April - July 1951; and Summer - Fall Offensive July - November 1951 Campaigns. *~~* non-combat tours ~~ 1952 - 1955: CPT INF AUS, Advisor with Detachment “D”, 1122d ASU to the Massachusetts Army National Guard in Quincy, Massachusetts; ~~ 1955 - 1958: CPT / MAJ INF USAR (ADL), U.S. Army Europe – community support officer, Bad Kreuznach Sub Area; ~~ 1958 - 1959: MAJ INF USAR (ADL), 2nd Army – Security Officer & Adjutant, U.S. Army Disciplinary Barracks, New Cumberland, Pennsylvania; ~~ 1959 - 1961: MAJ INF USAR (ADL), 1st Army – Post Operations Staff Officer, U.S. Army Training Center (Infantry), Fort Dix, New Jersey; ~~ 1961 - 1971: Instead of retirement; he reverted to Regular Army warrant officer (maintaining his commission in the reserves). Regular Army CWO4 Military Intelligence (MI), Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) with 1st Army Support Group 1961 - 1962, New York, NY; 108th Intelligence Corps 1962 - 1963, Camden, NJ; 401st Intelligence Corps Detachment 1963 – 1966, Honolulu, HI and 116th Intelligence Corps 1966 – 1968, Washington, DC. *~~* Vietnam War ~~ 1968 - 1969: RA CWO4 MI, Assistant S2, 5th Mobile Strike Force (Mike Force B55) and Chief, Collections Branch, S2, HQ 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, Nha Trang, Republic of Vietnam (RVN). At age 51, attended airborne parachute training, awarded Republic of Vietnam Special Forces and U.S. Parachute Qualification Badges. He was awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge 3rd award, for action during Operation Rooster II in the Rung Sat Special Zone with "Mike Force" B55. Received a promotion in the Army Reserve to colonel, March 1969. *~~* non-combat tour ~~ 1969 - 1971: RA CWO4 MI, with 116th Military Intelligence Group, Washington, DC ~~ retired: 1971, Colonel, MI US Army. **** Last PCS - 2006 to Arlington National Cemetery, VA. ~~~ Awards and Badges ~~~ Combat Infantryman Badge (CIB) 3rd award ~ Soldiers Medal ~ Bronze Star Medal 3rd award ~ Purple Heart 2nd award ~ Meritorious Service Medal ~ Air Medal ~ Joint Services Commendation Medal ~ Army Commendation Medal 3rd award ~ Navy Commendation Medal w/combat V device ~ Good Conduct Medal ~ American Defense Service Medal ~ American Campaign Medal ~ Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/3 battle stars ~ WWII Victory Medal ~ Army of Occupation Medal (Japan) ~ National Defense Medal 2nd award ~ Korean Service Medal w/4 battle stars ~ Vietnam Service Medal w/3 battle stars ~ Armed Forces Reserve Medal w/silver hour glass (2d award)~ Vietnamese Gallantry Cross Medal w/bronze star (individual award)~ Philippine Liberation Ribbon w/bronze star ~ United Nations Service Medal ~ Vietnam Campaign Medal ~ Republic of Korea War Service Medal ~ Distinguished Unit Citation (3/7 Infantry Battle of Segok [Hill 717, in the Iron Triangle July 1951], Korea) ~ Meritorious Unit Commendation (5th Special Forces Group (Airborne) Vietnam) ~ Philippine Presidential Unit Citation (1/34 Infantry WWII) ~ Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation (3/7 Infantry Korea) ~ Vietnam Gallantry Cross w/palm Unit Citation (5th Special Forces Group (Airborne) Vietnam) ~ Vietnam Civil Action Medal 1st class Unit Citation (5th Special Forces Group (Airborne) Vietnam) ~ U.S. Army Parachute Badge ~ Republic of Vietnam Special Forces Parachute Badge ~ ~~ On March 27th, 2009 Colonel Meyer was posthumously inducted into the U.S. Army Officer Candidate School Hall of Fame at Fort Benning, Georgia. He is the 2,480th inductee to the OCS Hall of Fame. Most quotable quote, “The only permanent thing in the military is change”.